Drill bits fitting onto other drills, it can be done, as long as the sizing on the shaft of the bit is the correct size and is not too large for your best cordless hammer drill itself.
In addition, the brand of the drill does not have to match the bits, and drill bits of the same size can be switched between drills as needed and vice versa.
As far as all drill bits being universal, meaning that one drill bit will fit into every drill and be ideal for any task that you need it for, there are certain types of special bits that are made for this purpose.
However, not all regular drill bits will be interchangeable with other tools unless they fit the correct size requirements.
Do all drill bits fit in all drills?
No, not all drill bits fit in all drills. ⅜-inch sized drills will accept up to ⅜-inch drill bit shafts. ½-inch sized drills will accept up to ½-inch drill bit shafts as well as and ⅜-inch sized bits.
Regular drill bits without a hex shanked bit holder cannot be used in an impact driver, however, hex shanked bits can be used in regular drill drivers. An SDS bit or SDS drill bit will only work with SDS machines or an SDS drill.
Types of Drill Bits
Also known as a high-speed bit, a twist drill bit resembles corkscrews and are some of the most popular bits.
A twist bit is typically used to drill small holes into wood and walls. Their unique design allows them to channel dust from the hole as they work.
A masonry drill bit is what you use when looking to create holes in bricks, stones, or concrete.
Due to the tough nature of those materials, masonry bits wear out quickly, meaning that you will need to replace them frequently.
Brad Point Bits
Brad point bits come in handy when you need to make clean and precise holes. They come with rubber stoppers to allow you to set a particular depth.
Their precision makes them a popular bit among woodworkers.
Rivet bits feature a special design that allows them to drill rivets into thin sheets of metal.
Spade bits have a spade-shaped tip that allows them to bore into softwoods. A spade bit is typically used to create holes for running cables.
Professionals use installer bits to bore holes for installing wiring for entertainment or security systems.
The tip of the bit has a tiny hole where you insert the wire you are looking to pass through the material. Installer bits are incredibly long, reaching lengths of up to 18 inches to facilitate their work.
Named after their tip that resembles a series of pyramid-shaped steps, these bits are what professionals use to drill into sheet metal.
Their stepped design allows you to create holes with varying diameters. Step bits are renowned for their versatility.
These are the hole drill bits to use when looking to drill into thick and dry wood. Thanks to their innovative design, you do not have to apply a lot of pressure when drilling into tough materials.
Auger bits have a screw tip that creates the initial hole for the rest of the bit to fall. As a result, holes by auger bits are incredibly clean and precise.
Like auger bits, self-feed bits also feature a screw tip for positioning the bit. They create clean, precise holes, as well.
However, since they do not channel the dust away from the hole as they work, you must halt the operation periodically to clear the dust away.
A Forstner bit is what you use when looking to bore smooth and clean holes into woods.
This bit also comes with a pointed tip to allow for easy positioning of the bit.
Hole saws are drill bits that allow you to make large holes such as those for door hardware installation.
These are versatile hole drill bits that allow you to drill counterbore, countersink, and pilot holes into wood.
Plug cutters are helpful in professional projects, as they drill holes into wood while cutting the wood plugs you require to hide recessed fasteners.
These bits come with carbide tips to allow you to bore holes into tiles without creating chips or cracks in the tile.
Different tile bits are designed for different types of tiles. Therefore, ensure that you check its package to confirm that it can drill into your tiles.
Adjustable Wood Bit
As their name implies, these types of drill bits can be adjusted to create holes of varying sizes, thus eliminating the need for purchasing bits of different sizes.
These types of drill bits have a special design that allows them to drill a hole into a material with the purpose of extracting its core.
Metal Drill Bits
Metal bits are built for heavy-duty work, such as cutting steel. They are one of the costlier bits out there.
Glass and Tile Bit
These are a special type of bit that can drill through plastic, tiles, glass, marble, and brick. They can also withstand high temperatures. Diamond drill bits are also in this category as they can cut glass, sea glass, gemstones, etc.
Hammer Drill Bits
You use a hammer bit for a hammer drill or rotary hammer to create precise holes into concrete slabs when looking to determine the amount of humidity in a concrete slab.
Bullet Point Bits
The last type of drill bit on our list is the bullet point bit. These are special kinds of drill bits that can drill through wood, plastic, and metal. They create remarkably clean holes.
Types of Drills
A hand drill is the simplest form of drill. They are ideal for pre-drilling holes before putting the screws inside. These tools are excellent since they require no power and are very easy to use.
Hand Drill and Brace
They are much quieter than electric drills and allow you to make precise holes. You can use them for wood and soft materials, but even in that case, it can’t make deep holes.
There are also bits created especially for this type of drilling tool, which allows improved precision.
Standard Electric Drill
A standard electric drill or power drill is excellent for most fixing jobs. They allow you to fix heavier objects by making holes and using screws. There are two types of electric drills: battery-powered drills
or cordless drills, and the ones that are powered by cable or corded drills.
A cordless drill is fine because you don’t have to be near the power supply all the time. Also, there are no cables getting in your way.
On the other hand, the corded drills or drills powered by cable are usually much more powerful.
Hammer drills are similar to standard models but have an additional “hammering” feature. They are great for drilling into tough materials, such as concrete and stone.
Many models allow you to switch between hammering and rotating, or even use both at the same time.
Benchtop Drill Press
These units are a bit difficult to use for beginners but can be invaluable to professional DIYs.
The main advantage of these drills is that they allow you to make very accurate holes. Besides, they usually produce lots of power and can be used for various materials.
There are some basic concepts you need to know for you to understand what bits are required for what drills and for which applications they are used. The first thing is to always match the size of the drill bits shank (the end you would put into the drill) to the size of drill you are using.
- Drills that have a ⅜-inch chuck (the end that you put the drill bit into) will only accept bits up to ⅜-inch in diameter.
- Drills that have a ½-inch chuck will accept larger bits up to ½-inch in diameter.
- There are some specialized bits made for SDS equipment that should only be used in those pieces of equipment.
- It is not only important to know the size of the drill bit and drill but the type of bit you need. This will depend on the project you are trying to accomplish.
There are bits made for drilling holes into wood, metal, concrete, plastics and other materials.
There are also flat bits, auger bits, Forstner bits, steep angles and many more types of drill bits to choose from.
Most people will use brad point twist bits made for wood, metal or plastic. They will also most likely have drills and buy bits that are ⅜-inch.
Drill Bit Frequently Asked Questions
Are all drill bits universal?
There are no universal drill bits as there is no way that you can use just one regular drill bit for every single task that you will be completing with your drill.
Drill bits come in a variety of shapes and sizes, and the measurements on the end of their shafts determine which drills they can be attached to and utilized with.
You will not be able to use a drill bit that is larger than the measurement of the opening on the actual drill.
Can I use normal drill bits in an SDS drill?
SDS, which stands for a Slotted Drive System, will not accept regular or normal drill bits. SDS drills take SDS bits that are slotted and fit specifically and perfectly into the drill. This combination of SDS drill and bits provide improved torque and hammering action.
For regular drills, all bits that are either ⅜-inch or ½-inch will fit, so long as the shank on the drill is considered when you purchase bits.
The nice thing is that ⅜-inch are so common that 99% of the time you will grab a drill and bits for it that match up nicely. They are just more common than ½-inch.
Make sure you always seek out the drill bits that are made to drill through the materials you need holes. Most times you can use a metal bit in wood if you really must, however, using a wood bit on metal won’t get you very far.