Monstera Dubia Ways to Care and Grow

Monstera Dubia grows abundantly in Central and Southern America.  It is one of the many Monstera varieties that exhibits a stunning impression because of it’s just innate beauty.  

It is a climbing plant just like the other Monstera plants and it only needs a few elements for it to grow healthy.  If you are a die-hard fan of any type of Monstera, the Monstera Dubia plant can be a wonderful addition to your collection of tropical plants or indoor plants.    

A Look at the Monstera Dubia Plant

The Monstera Dubia plant is considered an epiphyte plant since it’s often seen climbing on trees in some parts of America – this is if, of course, left living in the wild.  But you can also have this setup in the external premises of your home if you like, or if not, you can simply leave it beautifully thriving in a pot.  

Monstera Dubia is also sometimes known as shingle plant because its variegated leaves have the ability to climb flat surfaces or trees.  As it grows, this variegated Monstera houseplant develops small heart shaped leaves spattered with light and dark green leaf patterns.  

By looking at its juvenile leaves, which don’t display the typical Monstera fenestrations yet, it would be hard to classify it as one of the species of Monstera.  But even so, Dubia still looks amazing without the holes and slits.   

Monstera Dubia is a close relative of Monstera Deliciosa.  As it matures, its leaves develop fenestrations that can be likened to that of the Monstera Deliciosa without the variegations.  

The Features and the Structure of Monstera Dubia

Just like other Monstera variations, Monstera Dubia likewise possesses unique features that make it beautiful in its own right.  

Leaves

If we take a look at a Monstera Dubia plantlet, its juvenile leaves are usually measured at 2 to 3 inches that are oval in shape.  It has light and dark green with silver-gray variegated leaves.  Once it becomes a matured Monstera, its monstera leaves can grow up to 12 inches and slowly develop fenestrations.  

Height and Width Estimation

The height and the spread of the vines of a Monstera Dubia are dependent on the plant’s developmental condition and space.  If you position a Dubia in an external setting, it can reach a length of up to 25 meters.  

But if you prefer to grow it indoors, it will have an average height of 6 ft and below.  It is a must for a Dubia plant to be trimmed frequently if you choose to let it occupy a space inside your home.

Flowers

The Monstera Dubia’s flowers generally have a salmon color.  They show up as early as the first leaves come out. However, this shingle plant only blooms once in a blue moon, especially if it is indoors.

Toxicity

Monstera Dubia is unsurprisingly beautiful, but it is also unexpectedly toxic.  Yes, this spectacular Monstera plant is noxious.  Having said that, you need to take the necessary precautions – do not let kids and pets come near it.     

How to Care for a Monstera Dubia Plant

The Monstera Dubia plant is not as popular as Monstera Deliciosa and Monstera Adasonii, but the caring processes are just as similar.  All varieties of Monstera like to climb on trees or any flat surfaces, and so you might need to give them support. A plant moss pole would be very beneficial for them to thrive healthily and beautifully.

The heart shaped leaves of the shingle plant are likely to lie flat on inclined surfaces that’s why Dubia lovers also install wood planks to completely highlight its distinct features.   

Dubia requires a forthright caring process.  Always remember that it is a tropical plant, and this means that you must know the certain conditions that it needs for it to endure.

Sunlight    

It is true that all Monstera varieties need an adequate amount of sunlight, but it doesn’t mean that you should place them under direct sunlight. What they need is indirect sunlight, which has a resemblance to the environment that they are familiar with.

Avoid letting the rays of the sun touch the leaves, especially when they’re young.  Overexposure will damage and burn your shingle plant.

Soil  

For the soil requirement of the Monster Dubia, it usually manages to thrive in a moist environment.  The potting mix must be loose enough to allow water to drain properly.  Leaving the soil dense and damp will just lead to root rot.  

It is recommended that the soil must also be nourished with fertilizer.  Make sure to use a coarse potting mix that is ideal for aroids.  

You don’t have to purchase a commercial potting mix since this soil mixture can be easily done right in the midst of your own home.  Simply combine 1 part of peat moss or coco coir, 1 part of orchid mark, and also 1 part of perlite. 

This is a good potting mix for Dubia because it is loose and is satiated with organic matter.  It is likewise capable of holding ample water supply and moisture without the risk of keeping it stranded. 

TIP:  Never use dense soil for the shingle plant. This will only prevent water from draining and could suffocate the roots, which will then cause the roots to rot.  

Temperature

Since Monstera Dubia is a tropical plant just like the other Monstera varieties, it grows well in a warm or humid environment, which is probably around 65°F to 85°F.  As much as possible, the temperature should not fall under 55°F because it can result to underdevelopment.  

Humidity

The Dubia plant demands a high humidity level so it can take full advantage of its growth potential.  If you find it hard to maintain a minimum of 50% humidity, you may use a humidifier.  A humidifier is very useful in preventing the soil from getting soaked in water.

Water

Before watering a shingle plant, examine first the moisture content of the soil.  It’s time to water it if a few inches from the surface of the soil has already run dry.  

When watering, allow it to get soaked and drain freely from your pot.  What’s impressive about Monstera Dubia is that it can slightly tolerate the scarceness of water. But don’t be overly confident to just leave your plant unwatered.

Fertilizer

All plants, whether big or small, popular or unpopular, need to be fertilized.  Dubia calls for regular nourishment.  The most ideal for this houseplant is a slow-release fertilizer. You can apply this at least 3 times a year.  

Low nitrogen fertilizers are also perfect to use.  You can apply it once a month, especially if the Dubia plant is just starting to develop.  

Propagation

It is quite easy to propagate a Monstera Dubia plant, and this can be done through stem cuttings and root separation.    

1. Stem Cuttings

  • First step is to cut the stem. Start just above the node, not below it.  
  • Soak the stem cutting into a jar or container with water.  Make sure to submerge both the stem and the node.  
  • Place the jar or container in an area where it can absorb indirect sunlight.
  • Wait for the stem cuttings to develop roots, which is about 7 to 14 days.  
  • Once the Monstera Dubia cutting has developed at least 1-inch long roots, you may now transfer the cutting to a pot with a well-draining potting mix.  Ensure that the soil mix has adequate moisture content.      

2. Root Separation

  • Carefully remove the Dubia plant from the pot.
  • Remove the soil from the roots using your bare hands.  Keep in mind that the roots are delicate and you need to do it with extreme caution.  
  • Start separating the roots using a sterilized knife, scissors or pruning shears.  
  • When done, you can now begin planting them in separate pots.  It would be better if you use bigger pots to allow it to grow unhampered.  

TIP:  If you already notice roots coming out of the drain holes, then this is a sign that you need to repot.  Another instance is when the shingle plant appears congested or restricted.  

Problems that You May Possibly Encounter with Monstera Dubia

No matter how much attention and care you give to your Monstera Dubia plant, you still may encounter problems.  This is no cause of worry for as long as you know how to properly deal with these problems. 

Yellowing Leaves 

If the leaves of your Dubia plant are starting to turn yellow, this only means that it’s getting too much water, or maybe you’re not using well-draining soil. 

Excessive water absorption does not only lead to yellowing leaves but may also cause brown spots, soil fungus, and rotten roots.   

Check the drainage of your pot as well as the potting soil.  See to it that the soil isn’t compact to allow water to easily escape.  If water has been trapped, try to take out the indoor plant from the pot to help the soil dry out faster.   

Root Rot

Root rot occurs when watering is done the improper way.  This is usually due to overwatering and having compacted soil.  This may be resolved by replacing the dense soil with loose and coarse potting mix. 

Infestation  

Monstera Dubia is not spared from getting infested.  The invaders of this plant are usually red spider mites and brown scales.  These pests can damage the shingle plant by sucking its sap, and this is why it must be examined regularly to prevent infestation.   

If you notice these pests lurking in your Monstera Dubia, treat it immediately by spraying it with rubbing alcohol or neem oil.  Simply apply it directly to the impacted areas.  

Dried Leaves  

The incidence of brown and dried leaves is caused by an insufficient supply of water.  The Monstera leaves may fall off if the soil and the roots run dry.  Make it a habit to always check the moisture content of the soil. 

Frequently Asked Questions about Monstera Dubia

Where should the Monstera Dubia be placed?  

The most ideal place to position the Monstera Dubia is near a window that receives adequate indirect sunlight.  If it is too much exposed to the rays of the sun, it would be nice to shield it with a curtain.

Where can I avail a Monstera Dubia?

The Monstera Dubia is a rare and tropical plant, which makes it quite difficult to find in an orchidarium, nurseries or garden centers.  It is usually being sold over the internet.

Bear in mind that Dubia is a rare variety, and so expect it to be a bit pricey.  If you’re planning to buy online, make sure to transact only with a trusted seller.  Take time to read reviews.  Better be safe than sorry.      

How can I tell if a Monstera Dubia is healthy?

You can tell a Monstera Dubia is healthy if it displays bright and green leaves with dark and light variegation.  When the leaves are turning yellow and if they are curling up, these are signs that the plant is stressed, it is lacking moisture, and that it has a poor developmental condition. 

Is Monstera Dubia and Monstera Philodendron one and the same?

No, they’re not.  They both are part of the arum family, but they’re two different varieties.  They only have nearly similar features, which makes them difficult to differentiate. 

How can I multiply my Monstera Dubia?

Monstera Dubia can be multiplied by way of propagation, and the less complicated way is through stem cutting, which was already tackled earlier.  Here’s a tip: it is best to perform stem cutting during springtime because recovery as well as new development is much faster at this time of the year.    

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